[ the actual title of this page:]
http://www.Columbusnohero.org

 

 

 
* Section 4 *

How the "Civilizers" of Europe
treated the "Savages" of America
  Sections of the "American Holocaust" :
    Intro ~ 1 ~ 2 ~ 3 ~ [ 4 ] ~ 5 ~ 6 ~ 7 ~ 8
[  http://www.Columbusnohero.org  ]

Christopher Columbus and company claimed to represent Jesus Christ!

"From island to island, small and large, throughout the Caribbean,  wherever he went, Columbus reported that he planted a cross, "making the required declarations, " and claiming ownership of the land for his royal patrons back in Spain.  Despite the fact that Columbus noted in his own journal of the voyage that "the people of these lands do not understand me nor I them," it seems to have been of particular satisfaction to him that never once did any of the onlooking Arawak-speaking islanders object to his repeated proclamations in Spanish that he was taking control of their lands away from them.  Ludicrous though this scene may appear to us in retrospect, at the time it was a deadly serious ritual similar in ways equally ludicrous and deadly to the other famous ritual the Spanish bestowed upon the non-Spanish-speaking people of the Americas, the requerimiento ( a sort of "Miranda Rights Statement" in reverse, made by the criminal to their victims).
        Following Columbus, each time the Spanish encountered a native individual or group in the course of their travels, it was a "requirement" that they read to the Indians a statement informing them of the truth of Christianity and the necessity to swear immediate allegiance to the Pope and to the Spanish crown.  After this, if the Indians refused or even delayed in their acceptance (or, more likely, their understanding) of the requerimiento, the statement continued:  )

The Requerimiento,

          "We certify to you that, with the help of God, we shall powerfully enter into your country and shall make war against you in all ways and manners that we can, and shall subject you to the yoke and obedience of the Church and of Their Highnesses. We shall take you and your wives and your children, and shall make slaves of them, and as such shall sell and dispose of them as Their Highnesses may command. And we shall take your goods, and shall do you all the mischief and damage that we can, as to vassals who do not obey and refuse to receive their lord and resist and contradict him."
       [ another version read: "If you do not do this, however, or resort maliciously to delay, we warn you that, with the aid of God, we will enter your land against you with force and will make war in every place and by every means we can and are able, and we will then subject you to the yoke and authority of the Church and Their Highnesses. We will take you and your wives and children and make them slaves, and as such we will sell them, and will dispose of you and them as Their Highnesses order. And we will take your property and will do to you all the harm and evil we can, as is done to vassals who will not obey their lord or who do not wish to accept him, or who resist and defy him. We avow that the deaths and harm which you will receive thereby will be your own blame, and not that of Their Highnesses, nor ours, nor of the gentlemen who come with us . . ."]

In practice, the Spanish usually did not wait for the Indians to reply to their demands. First the Indians were manacled; then, as it were, they were read their rights. As one Spanish conquistador and historian described the routine: "After they had been put in chains, someone read requerimiento without knowing their language and without any interpreters, and without either the reader or the Indians understanding the language they had no opportunity to reply, being immediately carried away prisoners, the Spanish not failing to use the stick on those who did not go fast enough."

The price paid for not embracing "the One True Faith" :

massacre13.jpg

"They built a long gibbet, low enough for the toes to touch the ground and prevent strangling, and hanged thirteen [natives] at a time in honor of Christ Our Saviour and the twelve Apostles.  When the Indians were thus still alive and hanging, the Spaniards tested their strength and their blades against them, ripping chests open with one blow and exposing entrails, and there were those who did worse.  Then, straw was wrapped around their torn bodies and they were burned alive." 
{ American Holocaust, by David E. Stannard, p. 72 }

"In this perverse way, the invasion and destruction of what many, including Columbus, had thought was a heaven on earth began.  Not that a reading of the requerimiento was necessary to the inhuman violence the Spanish were to perpetrate against the native peoples they confronted.  Rather, the proclamation was merely a legalistic rationale for a fanatically religious and fanatically juridical and fanatically brutal people to justify a holocaust.  After all, Columbus had seized and kidnapped Indian men, women, and children throughout his first voyage, long before the requerimiento was in use, five at one stop, six at another, more at others, filling his ships with varied samples of Indians to display like exotic beasts in Seville and Barcelona upon his return."
{ American Holocaust, by David E. Stannard, p. 67 }

       "Very early on, (in 1512) as they were tying an Indian chief named 'Hatuey' to the stake, a Franciscan friar urged him to take Jesus to his heart so that his soul might go to heaven, rather than descend into hell.  Hatuey replied that if heaven was where the Christians went, he would rather go to hell.'  [ Would it have taken a genius to figure out that the ones with the express tickets to hell were the Catholic monsters, rather than the innocent pagans?]

        "On at least one occasion Columbus sent a raiding party ashore to capture some women with their children to keep his growing excess of captured native males company, 'because,' he wrote in his journal, his past experience in abducting African slaves had taught him that 'the [Indian] men would behave better in Spain with women of their country than without them.'  On this date he also records the vignette of 'the husband of one of these women and father of three children, a boy and two girls,' who followed his captured family onto Columbus's ship and said that if they had to go 'he wished to come with them, and begged me hard, and they all now remain consoled with him.'  But not for long. As a harbinger of things to come, only a half-dozen or so of those many captured native slaves survived the journey to Spain, and of them only two were alive six months later."
{ American Holocaust, by David E. Stannard, p. 66 }
        " When our caravels in which I wished to go home had to leave for Spain, we gathered together in our settlement 1600 people male and female of those Indians, of whom, among the best males and females, we embarked on our caravels on 17 February 1495, 550 souls.  Of the rest who were left the announcement went around that whoever wanted them could take as many as he pleased; and this was done.  And when everybody had been supplied there were some 400 of them left to whom permission was granted to go wherever they wanted.  Among them were many women who had infants at the breast.  They, in order the better to escape us, since they were afraid we would turn to catch them again, left their infants anywhere on the ground and started to flee like desperate people."
{ American Holocaust, by David E. Stannard, p. 67 }

The Invasion begins in earnest:

Columbus's second voyage was the true beginning of the invasion of the Americas.  The royal instructions authorizing the expedition had directed that the finest ships in Andalusia be outfitted for the trip and that they be commanded by the most expert pilots and navigators in the realm.  Seventeen ships made the voyage and aboard those ships were more than 1200 soldiers, sailors, and colonists – including a cavalry troop of lancers and half a dozen priests."
{ American Holocaust, by David E. Stannard, p. 70 }
        . . .  "The massacres continued.  Columbus remained ill for months while his soldiers wandered freely.  More than 50,000 natives were reported dead from these encounters by the time the Admiral had recovered from his sickness.'  And when at last his health and strength had been restored, Columbus's response to his men's unorganized depredations was to organize them.  In March of 1495 he massed together several hundred armored troops, cavalry, and a score or more of trained attack dogs.  They set forth across the countryside, tearing into assembled masses of sick and unarmed native people, slaughtering them by the thousands.  The pattern set by these raids would be the model the Spanish would follow for the next decade and beyond." 

        { see "Padre de Las Casas, Defender of the Indians" } As Bartolomé de Las Casas, the most famous of the accompanying Spanish missionaries from that trip recalled:

"Once the Indians were in the woods, the next step was to form squadrons and pursue them, LasCasasand whenever the Spaniards found them, they pitilessly slaughtered everyone like sheep in a corral.  It was a general rule among Spaniards to be cruel; not just cruel, but extraordinarily cruel so that harsh and bitter treatment would prevent Indians from daring to think of themselves as human beings or having a minute to think at all.  So they would cut an Indian's hands and leave them dangling by a shred of skin and they would send him on saying  'Go now, spread the news to your chiefs.'  They would test their swords and their manly strength on captured Indians and place bets on the slicing off of heads or the cutting of bodies in half with one blow.  They burned or hanged captured chiefs."

        . . . "With the same determination Columbus had shown in organizing his troops' previously disorganized and indiscriminate killings, the Admiral then set about the task of systematizing their haphazard enslavement of the natives.  Gold was all that they were seeking, so every Indian on the island who was not a child was ordered to deliver to the Spanish a certain amount of the precious ore every three months.  When the gold was delivered the individual was presented with a token to wear around his neck as proof that the tribute had been paid.  Anyone found without the appropriate number of tokens had his hands cut off. 

        Since Hispaniola's gold supply was far less than what the Spaniards' fantasies suggested, Indians who wished to survive were driven to seek out their quotas of the ore at the expense of other endeavors, including food production.  The famines that had begun earlier, when the Indians tempted to hide from the Spanish murderers, now grew much worse, new diseases that the Spanish carried with them preyed ever more intensely on the malnourished and weakened bodies of the natives.  And the soldiers never ceased to take delight in killing just for fun. 

        Spanish reports of their own murderous sadism during this time are legion.  For a lark they 'tore babes from their mother's breast by their feet, and dashed their heads against the rocks.'  The bodies of other infants 'they spitted . . .  together with their mothers and all who were before them, on their swords.'  On one famous occasion in Cuba, a troop of a hundred or more Spaniards stopped by the banks of a dry river and sharpened their swords on the whetstones in its bed.  Eager to compare the sharpness of their blades, reported an eyewitness to the events, they drew their weapons and 'began to rip open the bellies, to cut and kill those lambs – men, women children, and old folk, all of whom were seated, off guard and frightened, watching the mares and the Spaniards.  And within two credos (i.e.  the time it takes to recite the 'Creed'), not a man of all of them there remained alive.  The Spaniards enter the large house nearby, for this was happening at its door, and in the same way, with cuts and stabs, begin to kill as many as they found there, so that a stream of blood was running, as if a great number of cows had perished.. . .  To see the wounds which covered the bodies of the dead and dying was a spectacle of horror and dread .  This particular slaughter began at the village of Zucayo, where the townsfolk earlier had provided for the conquistadors a feast of cassava fruit and fish.  From there it spread.  No one knows just how many Indians the Spanish killed in this sadistic spree, but Las Casas put the number a over 20,000 before the soldiers' thirst for horror had been slaked.
{ American Holocaust, by David E. Stannard, pp. 70–71 } . . .
        'When there were among the prisoners some women who had recently given birth, if the new-born babes happened to cry, they seized them by the legs and hurled them against the rocks, or flung them into the jungle so that they would be certain to die there.' 
        Or, Las Casas again, in another incident he witnessed:
        'The Spaniards found pleasure in inventing all kinds of odd cruelties, the more cruel the better, with which to spill human blood.' 
{ American Holocaust, by David E. Stannard, p. 72 }

"The Dominican monk Bartolomé de Las Casas reached America in 1502, and was the leading figure in the ecclesiastical opposition to colonial oppression. In his will he wrote 'I believe that due to these godless, evil and ignoble acts perpetrated in such an unjust, barbarous, and tyrannical manner, God will direct his ire and fury upon all Spain, as all Spain has taken its part, large or small, of the bloody wealth usurped at the price of much ruin and many massacres."

[from The explorers, by Paoalo Novaresio]

Next came the "discovery" of Mexico and Central America :

"And then the Spanish turned their attention to the mainland of Mexico and Central America.  The slaughter had barely begun.  The exquisite city of Tenochtitlán was next."
{ American Holocaust, by David E. Stannard, p. 75 } . . .

. . .  Rather than meeting resistance when he approached the great city, Cortés was greeted in friendship and was welcomed by Montezuma.  In retrospect this behavior of the Aztec leader has usually seemed foolish or cowardly or naive to Western historians.  But Meso-American political traditions had always dictated that war was to be announced before it was launched, and the reasons for war were always made clear well beforehand.  War was a sacred endeavor, and it was sacrilegious to engage in it with treachery or fraud.  In fact, as Inga Clendinnen recently has noted: 'So important was this notion of fair testing that food and weapons were sent to the selected target city as part of the challenge, there being no virtue in defeating a weakened enemy.'  In this case, therefore, not only was there no reason for Montezuma to suppose Cortés intended to haunch an invasion (the Tlaxcaltec troops who accompanied him could have been part of an effort to seek political alliance), but Cortés had plainly announced in advance that his purposes were not warlike, that he came as an ambassador of peace.
        Once the Spanish were inside the city's gates, however, it soon became apparent that this was a far from conciliatory mission.
{ American Holocaust, by David E. Stannard, p. 76 } . . .
        Once the disease dissipated – having devastated the city's residents and killed off most of the Aztec leaders – Cortés prepared to attack again.  First, he had ships constructed that were used to intercept and cut off food supplies to the island capital.  Then he destroyed the great aqueduct that brought fresh water to the city.  Finally, the Spanish and their Indian allies laid siege to the once brilliant white metropolis and its dwindling population of diseased and starving people.  'Siege,' as Inga Clendinnen has observed, was for the Aztecs 'the antithesis of war.'  Viewing it as cowardly and dishonorable, 'the deliberate and systematic weakening of opposition before engagement, and the deliberate implication of noncombatants in the contest, had no part in their experience.'  But it had been the European mode of battle for many centuries, deriving its inspiration from the Greek invention of ferocious and massively destructive infantry warfare.  To the Spanish, as to all Europeans when committed to battle, victory – by whatever means – was all that mattered.  On the other side, for reasons equally steeped in ancient tradition, the people of Tenochtitlán had no other option than to resist dishonor and defeat until the very end.  The ensuing battle was furious and horrifying, and continued on for months.  Tenochtitlán's warriors, though immensely weakened by the deadly bacteria that had been loosed in their midst, and at least initially hobbled by what Clendinnen calls their 'inhibition against battleground killing,' were still too formidable an army for direct military confrontation.  So Cortés extended his martial strategy by destroying not only the Aztecs' food and water supplies, but their very city itself.  His soldiers burned magnificent public buildings and marketplaces, and the aviaries with their thousands of wondrous birds; they gutted and laid waste parks and gardens and handsome boulevards.  The metropolis that the Spanish had just months earlier described as the most beautiful city on earth, so dazzling and beguiling in its exotic and brilliant variety, became a monotonous pile of rubble, a place of dust and flame and death."
{ American Holocaust, by David E. Stannard, p. 78–9 }

"GOD made us do it" (wipe out the Native Americans)

(from http://rwor.org/a/firstvol/883/thank.htm )

"John Winthrop, a founder of the Massachusetts Bay colony considered this wave of illness and death to be a divine miracle. He wrote to a friend in England, 'But for the natives in these parts, God hath so pursued them, as for 300 miles space the greatest part of them are swept away by smallpox which still continues among them. So as God hath thereby cleared our title to this place, those who remain in these parts, being in all not 50, have put themselves under our protection.'
        The deadly impact of European diseases and the good will of the Wampanoag allowed the Puritans to survive their first year (1621) . . . Until 1629 there were no more than 300 Puritans in New England, scattered in small and isolated settlements. But their survival inspired a wave of Puritan invasion that soon established growing Massachusetts towns north of Plymouth: Boston and Salem. For 10 years, boatloads of new settlers came.
        On arrival, the Puritans discussed 'who legally owns all this land?' They had to decide this, not just because of Anglo-Saxon traditions, but because their particular way of farming was based on individual–not communal or tribal–ownership. . .
        Some Puritans argued that the land belonged to the Indians. These forces were excommunicated and expelled. Massachusetts Governor Winthrop declared the Indians had not 'subdued' the land, and therefore all uncultivated lands should, according to English Common Law, be considered 'public domain.' This meant they belonged to the king. In short, the colonists decided they did not need to consult the Indians when they seized new lands, they only had to consult the representative of the crown (meaning the local governor).
        The Puritans embraced a line from Psalms 2:8. 'Ask of me, and I shall give thee, the heathen for thine inheritance, and the uttermost parts of the earth for thy possession.' Since then, European settler states have similarly declared god their real estate agent. . .
        The European immigrants took land and enslaved Indians to help them farm it. By 1637 there were about 2,000 British settlers. They pushed out from the coast and decided to remove the inhabitants. . .
        In the Connecticut Valley, the powerful Pequot tribe had not entered an alliance with the British (as had the Narragansett, the Wampanoag, and the Massachusetts peoples). At first they were far from the centers of colonization. Then, in 1633, the British stole the land where the city of Hartford now sits–land which the Pequot had recently conquered from another tribe. That same year two British slave raiders were killed. The colonists demanded that the Indians who killed the slavers be turned over. The Pequot refused.
        The Puritan preachers said, from Romans 13:2, 'Whosoever therefore resisteth the power, resisteth the ordinance of God: and they that resist shall receive to themselves damnation.' The colonial governments gathered an armed force of 240 under the command of John Mason. They were joined by a thousand Narragansett warriors. The historian Francis Jennings writes: 'Mason proposed to avoid attacking Pequot warriors which would have overtaxed his unseasoned, unreliable troops. Battle, as such, was not his purpose. Battle is only one of the ways to destroy an enemy's will to fight. Massacre can accomplish the same end with less risk, and Mason had determined that massacre would be his objective.'
        The colonist army surrounded a fortified Pequot village on the Mystic River. At sunrise, as the inhabitants slept, the Puritan soldiers set the village on fire.
        William Bradford, Governor of Plymouth, wrote: 'Those that escaped the fire were slain with the sword; some hewed to pieces, others run through with their rapiers, so that they were quickly dispatched and very few escaped. It was conceived they thus destroyed about 400 at this time. It was a fearful sight to see them thus frying in the fire...horrible was the stink and scent thereof, but the victory seemed a sweet sacrifice, and they gave the prayers thereof to God, who had wrought so wonderfully for them.'
        Mason himself wrote: 'It may be demanded...Should not Christians have more mercy and compassion? But...sometimes the Scripture declareth women and children must perish with their parents.... We had sufficient light from the word of God for our proceedings.'. . .
        This so-called 'Pequot war' was a one-sided murder and slaving expedition. Over 180 captives were taken. After consulting the bible again, in Leviticus 24:44, the colonial authorities found justification to kill most of the Pequot men and enslave the captured women and their children. Only 500 Pequot remained alive and free. In 1975 the official number of Pequot living in Connecticut was 21."


These are all perfect examples of what happens when people embrace everything in the bible indiscriminately, and - worse still - act on its most attrocious, instead of its most inspiring, teaching.

See www.whatkindofgod.org/.

Recalled Cortés :

. . .'We now learnt from two wretched creatures who had escaped from the city and come to our camp by night that they were dying of hunger. . .  we resolved to enter the next morning shortly before dawn and do all the harm we could. . .  and we fell upon a huge number of people.  As these were some of the most wretched people and had come in search of food, they were nearly all unarmed, and women and children in the main.  We did them so much harm through all the streets in the city that we could reach, that the dead and the prisoners numbered more than eight hundred.', . . .'  They moved their forces to another section of the city where they slaughtered and captured more than twelve thousand people.  Within a day or two they had another multitude of helpless citizens penned in: 'They no longer had nor could find any arrows, javelins or stones with which to attack us.'  More than forty thousand were killed in that single day, and 'so loud was the wailing of the women and children that there was not one man amongst us whose heart did not bleed at the sound.'  Indeed, because 'we could no longer endure the stench of the dead bodies that had lain in those streets for many days, which was the most loathsome thing in all the world,' recalled Cortés, 'we returned to our camps.'  But not for long.  The next morning the Spanish were in the streets again, mopping up the starving, dehydrated, and disease–wracked Indians who remained.  'I intended to attack and slay them all,' said Cortés, as he observed that: The people of the city had to walk upon their dead while others swam or drowned in the waters of that wide lake where they had their canoes;  indeed, so great was their suffering that it was beyond our understanding how they could endure it.  Countless numbers of men, women and children came out toward us, and in their eagerness to escape many were pushed into the water where they drowned amid that multitude of corpses;  and it seemed that more than fifty thousand had perished from the salt water they had drunk, their hunger and the vile stench.. . .  And so in those streets where they were we came across such piles of the dead that we were forced to walk upon them."
{ American Holocaust, by David E. Stannard, p.80 }


Columbus wanted poster../ColumbusWanted.gif         'Gold is most excellent; gold constitutes treasure; and he who has it does all he wants in the world, and can even lift souls up to Paradise.'   – Christopher Columbus, 1503 letter to the king and queen of Spain.
        Columbus wrote to the Spanish monarchs in 1493: 'It is possible, with the name of the Holy Trinity, to sell all the slaves which it is possible to sell Here there are so many of these slaves that although they are living things, they are as good as gold '
        Columbus and his men also used the Taino as sex slaves: it was a common reward for Columbus' men for him to present them with local women to rape.  As he began exporting Taino as slaves to other parts of the world, the sex-slave trade became an important part of the business, as Columbus wrote to a friend in 1500:  "A hundred castellanoes (a Spanish coin) are as easily obtained for a woman as for a farm, and it is very general and there are plenty of dealers who go about looking for girls;  those from nine to ten (years old) are now in demand."

[ precise source unknown ]

Here's the thinking of Ayn Rand, the prophet of Laissez faire conservatism :

"They [Indians] didn't have any rights to the land, and there was no reason for anyone to grant them rights which they had not conceived and were not using... What was it that they were fighting for, when they opposed white men on this continent? For their wish to continue a primitive existence, their 'right' to keep part of the earth untouched, unused and not even as property, but just keep everybody out so that you will live practically like an animal, or a few caves above it. Any white person who brings the element of civilization has the right to take over this continent."

(Ayn Rand, 03/06/1974, talk at USMA, West Point, NY)

It appears from DNA evidence that quite a few Latinos in America's southwest have some connection to Jews, perhaps through the "Maranos", Jews who had been forced during the Spanish Inquisition to chose between death as Jews and life as Catholics [ see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crypto-Judaism ]

  Sections of the "American Holocaust" :
    Intro ~ 1 ~ 2 ~ 3 ~ [ 4 ] ~ 5 ~ 6 ~ 7 ~ 8
For contact info, etc.,   go to
the bottom of  Section 8